How female hormonal level affects oral health?

oral health

Women have an increased sensitivity to oral health problems because of the hormonal changes they experience. These changes not only affect the blood supply to the gums but also the body’s response to the toxins that result from plaque build-up.

There are some different stages in a female’s life during which changes in hormone levels make them more affected to oral health problems – puberty, the monthly menstruation cycle, when using oral contraceptives, during pregnancy, and at menopause. Here is how our dentist in Ranchi, explain these stages and offer some helpful tips in dealing with them:


The surge in production of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone that happens during puberty can increase the blood flow to the gums and change the way gum tissue reacts to bacterial plaque. This causes the gum tissue to become red, tender, and swollen, and more likely to bleed during brushing and flossing.

The monthly menstruation cycle:

Due to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle, some women experience oral changes that can include bright red swollen gums, swollen salivary glands, development of canker sores, or bleeding gums. Menstruation gingivitis usually occurs a day or two before the start of the period and clears up shortly after the period has started. Frequent visits to our dental clinic in Ranchi, Kanke road where best dentists, recommend good tips to avoid serious gum issues.


Hormone levels change considerably during pregnancy. An increased level of progesterone, in particular, can increase your susceptibility to bacterial plaque causing gingivitis which is most noticeable during the second to eighth month of pregnancy. This condition is called pregnancy gingivitis where the gums become swollen and bleed easily. Our dentist at complete dental care in Ranchi might suggest more unique cleanings process during your second or early third trimester to help reduce the chance of developing gingivitis.


Many oral changes can occur as a result of advanced age, the medicines taken to combat diseases and hormonal changes due to menopause. These oral changes can include altered taste, a burning sensation in the mouth, and greater feeling too hot and cold foods and beverages, and decreased salivary flow that can result in dry mouth.

Besides all these stages, taking birth control pills can also affect women’s oral health. Birth control pills are progesterone rich, which is responsible for many gum difficulties.

If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, visit our dental clinic in Ranchi or contact us at Narnoly’s complete dental care, Kanke Road, Ranchi.